Saturday, June 27, 2009

Summary of Dr. Jose Rizal's the indolence of the Filipinos?

CHAPTER 1: ADMITTING THE EXISTENCE OF INDOLENCE 

SUMMARY: Rizal admits that indolence does exist among the Filipinos, but it cannot be attributed to the troubles and backwardness of the country; rather it is the effect of the backwardness and troubles experienced by the country. Past writings on indolence revolve only on either denying or affirming, and never studying its causes in depth. One must study the causes of indolence, Rizal says, before curing it. He therefore enumerates the causes of indolence and elaborates on the circumstances that have led to it. The hot climate, he points out, is a reasonable predisposition for indolence. Filipinos cannot be compared to Europeans, who live in cold countries and who must exert much more effort at work. An hour ' s work under the Philippine sun, he says, is equivalent to a day ' s work in temperate regions. 

CHAPTER 2 INDOLENCE OF CHRONIC ILLNESS 

SUMMARY: Rizal says that an illness will worsen if the wrong treatment is given. The same applies to indolence. People, however, should not lose hope in fighting indolence. Even before the Spaniards arrived, Rizal argues, the early Filipinos were already carrying out trade within provinces and with other neighboring countries; they were also engaged in agriculture and mining; some natives even spoke Spanish. All this disproves the notion that Filipinos are by nature indolent. Rizal ends by asking what then would have caused Filipinos to forget their past. 

CHAPTER 3: WARS, INSURRECTIONS, EXPEDITIONS AND INVASION 

SUMMARY: Rizal enumerates several reasons that may have caused the Filipinos ' cultural and economic decadence. The frequent wars, insurrections, and invasions have brought disorder to the communities. Chaos has been widespread, and destruction rampant. Many Filipinos have also been sent abroad to fight wars for Spain or for expeditions. As a result, the population has decreased in number. As forced labor, many men have been sent to shipyards to construct vessels. Meanwhile, natives who have had enough of abuse have gone to the mountains. As a result, the farms have been neglected. The so-called indolence of Filipinos definitely has deeply rooted causes. 

CHAPTER 4: DEATH OF TRADE IN THE PHILIPPINES 

SUMMARY: Filipinos, according to Rizal, are not responsible for their misfortunes, as they are not their own masters. The Spanish government has not encouraged labor and trade, which ceased after the government treated the country ' s neighboring trade partners with great suspicion. Trade has declined, furthermore, because of pirate attacks and the many restrictions imposed by the government, which gives no aid for crops and farmers. This and the abuse suffered under encomenderos have caused many to abandon the fields. Businesses are monopolized by many government officials, red tape and bribery operate on a wide scale, rampant gambling is tolerated by the government. This situation is compounded by the Church ' s wrong doctrine which holds that the rich will not go to heaven, thus engendering a wrong attitude toward work. There has also been discrimination in education against natives. These are some of the main reasons that Rizal cites as causing the deterioration of values among the Filipinos. 

CHAPTER 5: LIMITED TRAINING AND EDUCATION 

SUMMARY: According to Rizal, all the causes of indolence can be reduced to two factors. The first factor is the limited training and education Filipino natives receive. Segregated from Spaniards, Filipinos do not receive the same opportunities that are available to the foreigners. They are taught to be inferior. The second factor is the lack of a national sentiment of unity among them. Because Filipinos think they are inferior, they submit to the foreign culture and do everything to imitate it. The solution, according to Rizal, would be education and liberty.

22 comments:

Abdul Nahid I. Cosain said...

pwede narin.

by the way, I'm a AB-history student from MSU Iligan Institute of Technology...

:-)

thanks, makakatulong to sa report ko bukas.

Anonymous said...

THANKS! Makakatulong 'to sa report nmin tom. :))))

Anonymous said...

tnx.. it would be very helpful for our upcoming quiz on wednesday..:D

Gyzel said...

It help us in our defense tomorrow :)

Gyzel said...

It help us in our defense tomorrow..thanks :)

Anonymous said...

this topic just so much my concern..

Anonymous said...

SALAMAT! :)

chingmonter said...

thank you RCL...chingmonter:)http://www.facebook.com/ching.monter

Anonymous said...

thanks so much! :)
this helped a lot

Anonymous said...

tnx for this! :)

Anonymous said...

thank you for the information ! :)

Anonymous said...

I think, the breakdown of chapter summaries are great..thanks a lot. I've been searching for any simplified article about this writing of Rizal for about 3days now..'til i clicked on this page..really like it. Thanks for this..it'll help me a lot.

Anonymous said...

thank you very much for the summaries! :D

Anonymous said...

25thank's talaga sa article na to! this helps much!

Anonymous said...

can never thank you enough for this one. this is a piece which can be quite difficult to explain to first year college students. you made it a lot easier for me.

more power!


varda1130

Anonymous said...

Wow! Thank you so much for this helpful guide.

Anonymous said...

that ispla giarism!! pwede ka makulong! you should have put the source!

queennie arni pontillas said...

thanks for your own summary ^_^,,

Anonymous said...

Thank u so much. . .

khimmy said...

haha.. atleast i have idea na gumawa ng reflection

Jayvelyn Diaz said...

A BIG THANKS for this summaries.

Kyle Iravie Sulit said...

Rizal argue that it is the fault of the Spaniards for Filipinos to have a lack of love for their work. There are lazy Filipinos but there are industrious Filipinos. It is absurd and unjust to categorize every Filipino this way.

Kyle Iravie Sulit
contributor, OurHappySchool.com